Diabetic Neuropathy – Different types of Diabetic Neuropathy
The term diabetic neuropathy is a term used to explain a long term disorder common in patients suffering from type one and two diabetes. This disorder is mainly caused by high levels of glucose in the blood, which results to nervous dysfunction. When there are high levels of glucose in the blood, this causes the blood to thicken and therefore the blood distribution to other parts of the body is disrupted. The deficiency of healthy blood distribution to the nerves eventually results to a nervous breakdown.
Types of Diabetic Neuropathy Disorders
The different diabetic neuropathy types are generally described by the effects they cause on the patient. The most widespread type of the disorder is the one that affects the legs. Being at the most extreme end from the heart, the feet are the most affected part of the body by reduced blood distribution. This type of Diabetic neuropathy is usually referred to as peripheral diabetic neuropathy and some of its common symptoms include; numbness in the legs and in the feet, a tingling sensation in the feet and sometimes pain in your legs and feet. In some cases, the wounds in your feet caused by the disorder may heal at a very slow rate while in some cases they cease to heal. Diabetics with this disorder in most instances may not notice the symptoms due to loss in sensation. It is therefore highly recommended for diabetics to have frequent checkups to detect any traces of the ailment in its early stages when the situation can still be controlled. In the advanced stages of diabetic neuropathy, the patientâ€™s feet, leg or even both legs have to be amputated.
The other type of diabetic neuropathy is the type that affects the urinary system and the digestive system. It is commonly referred to as the autonomic neuropathy. Patients suffering from autonomic neuropathy that tampers with the digestive system often get full after eating a small portion of food and frequently get heart burns. In some instance the patients may endure diarrhea, constipation and a feeling of queasiness. In the adverse levels of the disorder, the blood vessels are affected as well making the patient feel dizzy and causing frequent fainting episodes.
In cases where the urinary system is affected, the patient often develops difficulties in controlling their bladder therefore urinating frequently and in some instances even having problem holding back urine.
Proximal neuropathy is another type of diabetic neuropathy disoreder. Its main cause is nervous breakdown due to high levels of blood sugar. The patients suffering from the disorder feel weak and anguish in their body.
Basically, diabetic neuropathy is caused by unregulated levels of blood sugar. This results to the distortion of blood circulation all over the body, and in the process some nerves and body cells are depleted off nutrients and oxygen. This eventually results to a nervous breakdown, and the lack of synchronization of the nervous system causes the symptoms mentioned above. The mandatory preventive measures to be taken to prevent diabetic neuropathy should involve actions that will regulate the blood sugar levels.