Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy are different for different patients depending on the type of nerves affected. The common types of diabetic neuropathy include; peripheral neuropathy, Autonomic neuropathy, focal neuropathy and proximal neuropathy. The chief cause of diabetic neuropathy is irregular levels of blood sugar which eventually results to damage of the nervous system.
Different Symptoms of different types of diabetic neuropathy
Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy are usually different among the different types of diabetic neuropathy. When the blood sugar level is irregular, it results to reduced blood circulation to the nerves and the body cells therefore the nerves and cells are depleted the vital nutrients for healthy functioning. Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy take a long time before they are noticed since in the early stages of the disorder are asymptomatic. Patients also fail to notice the symptoms of the disorders since the damage caused on the nerves often result to desensitization.
Peripheral neuropathy is caused by the distortion of the peripheral nerves. These nerves are usually responsible for controlling the coordination and the sensation of the extremities like the legs and hands. The Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy that affect the peripheral nerves include; numbness and a tingling feeling in the extremities, desensitization and pain in the legs. In the advanced level of this disorder, the patient develops infections in their feet and eventually in their entire legs if the problem is not addressed to. These infections heal at a slow rate for some patients, but for others they donâ€™t heal at all. If these infections spread to the bone, the whole leg has to be amputated, hence the need to have frequent examinations to detect the infections early enough to avoid it getting to critical stages.
Proximal neuropathy which is also referred to as femoral neuropathy generally affects the thigh region all through to the leg. It only affects one side of the region leaving the other side unaffected. The basic Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy of femoral neuropathy disorder include a general feeling of weakness and trouble while standing.
Autonomic neuropathy is caused by the damage of the autonomic nerves. The nerves are important for controlling the proper functioning of the involuntary activities for instance; blood pressure, digestive system, heart functions, breathing , vision, sexual functions and the urinary system functioning. Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy related to autonomic nervous breakdown include; difficulties in holding back urine, inaptness of sexual functions, instability of blood sugar levels and digestive problems.
Focal neuropathy is a type of diabetic neuropathy that is common in diabetics who have suffered from the disease for a minimum of a decade. Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy of this disorder emerge unexpectedly and affect the legs or head. The symptoms include; paralysis of the face, visual disorders and severe pain in the eyes and chest.
The symptoms therefore vary depending on the type of nerve that is affected. This is an important consideration when treating the different types of diabetic neuropathy disorders since the symptoms usually dictate the type of treatment to be administered to the patient.