In the medical fraternity, diabetes is one of those chronic illnesses which if not properly managed can pose significant health risks and problems to the sufferer. The most common type of diabetes is diabetes mellitus which is shown by hyperglycemia. However, it is one of those illnesses which are very difficult to diagnose in the early stages because of its tendency to be asymptomatic in the early stages. Frequent testing for diabetes is always advised for patients and also for people who are at risk.
Importance of Testing for Diabetes
Clinically, testing for diabetes has proven to be a very effective way of monitoring diabetes and it carries with it numerous health benefits. One of the benefits associated with testing for diabetes is the ability to control glucose and as such prevent complications that are related to diabetes such as nerve damage, kidney damage and eventual failure and blindness. The testing is very important when it is introduced early to a diabetes victim. This is because it also helps lower the incidence of cardiovascular complications such as heart attack and stroke. Experts say that testing for diabetes can even reduce the risk of death from cardiovascular complications by up to 57%.
There are several guidelines provided by physicians regarding testing for glucose. One of the guidelines addresses the frequency of testing for diabetes. If you are already diabetic and are depending on insulin for the management of the condition, experts say that you should test your blood sugar at least three to four times a day. However, this can vary depending on the clinical condition and also expert advice from your physician. The test results are very effective in indicating the success of controlling the diabetes. It also gives you an idea of your glucose patterns so that you are well informed n making decisions regarding the treatment regimen.
Testing for Diabetes: The Tests
Testing for diabetes can take place at home or in a health care facility depending on the condition of the person being tested. For diagnostic purposes, it is always best if the tests are conducted in a health care facility in order to get accurate information. The most common test in a health care facility is the fasting blood sugar test. This test is conducted after an overnight fast before taking anything in the morning. The test gives reliable values on the condition of the person being tested. Diabetes can also be tested in urine.
Diabetic people are required to test their blood sugar several times a day. It can be tedious to have to run to a health care facility if you need to. This is why several tests have been formulated to make this easier. The blood sugar meter is one of these methods. It is a simple process where you just prick your finger with a pin, put a drop of blood on the strip of the meter and wait for the readings. You can also make use of a urine test strip to test for diabetes.